Some other notable people and animals from the Space Race era:
Russian ‘space dog’ Laika who became the worlds first kosmonaut in Nov 1957 with Sputnik 2. Sadly the capsule was never intended for re-entry to Earth, so Laika passed away in space.
‘Space dogs’ Strelka & Belka with Sputnik 5 in Aug 1960, who returned safely to Earth from their orbit in space.
Kosmonaut Jurij Gagarin who was the first man in space in april 1961 with the Vostok capsule.
Astronaut Alan Shepard, first American in space in May 1961 with the Mercury 3 capsule.
John Glenn, first American who orbited Earth, in Feb 1962 with the Mercury 6 capsule.